Become a member
Take advantage of exclusive member benefits, world class events, networking and specialist support
The Low voltage Directive (LVD) is one of the oldest Single Market Directives adopted before the "New" or "Global" Approach. It ensures that electrical equipment within certain voltage limits both provides a high level of protection for European citizens and enjoys a Single Market in the European Union.
LVD covers electrical equipment with a voltage between 50 and 1000 V for alternating current and between 75 and 1500 V for direct current. It should be noted that these voltage ratings refer to the voltage of the electrical input or output, not to voltages that may appear inside the equipment. For electrical equipment within its scope, the Directive covers all health and safety risks, thus ensuring that electrical equipment is safe in its intended use.
In the UK, the lead Government Department is the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS, see links). BIS has produced guidance notes on the Directive which can be downloaded from their website. The European Union has also produced official guidance for the Directive which is available online.
Annex I of LVD is where the safety objectives are defined. Key objectives are as follows:
Measures of a technical nature should be prescribed in order to ensure:
Official European Guide
Europa Low Voltage Directive